Asylum applications in Peru have significantly increased from 379 in January 2016 to more than 20,000 in 2017. According to the UNHCR, “an estimated 45,000 Venezuelan asylum seekers entered the country, resulting in 800 new asylum applications per day”.
During the migratory journey and at border crossings, migrants or asylum seekers have food, water, health, and shelter needs and often face protection risks. UNHCR states that “the risk of sexual and gender-based violence, trafficking and exploitation is a growing concern for local and national authorities.”
Families are exposed to labor exploitation and financial difficulties in earning a living and in enrolling in the education system. Moreover, asylum seekers entering Peru do not have clear and precise information on procedures, processing and transportation costs regarding the requirements to formalize their immigration status at the government offices of the Special Commission for Refugees or the National Migration Superintendent and other entities that facilitate access to basic services for this population.
The protection risks that migrants face on their migratory journey and the existing gaps in achieving self-sufficiency and the integration of families in host communities have led RET to implement a project to improve humanitarian assistance, protection and sustainable local integration of refugees, asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants in Peru, in coordination with local government.